How to Enter Criminal Justice Management

We all know that our society is getting faster, more technologically advanced and complex. It is to no surprise that the same is true for crime. Given that technological complexity of fraud in today’s world, an advanced degree in MBA in criminal justice is becoming more sought after. The need for executives and managers who understand the nature of economic crime and who can direct and protect their organizations is growing.

MBA in Criminal Justice Programs

The legal system is one of the largest and fastest growing industries in society. As such, it needs trained managers, managers with an understanding of business and those who can bring managerial understanding and skills to the process of problem solving within the criminal and legal field.

These degree programs cover business administration fundamentals from a unique criminal and legal perspective. You will come out of these programs understanding both business and criminology principles as well as the ability to work effectively in the business and law enforcement arena.

Courses and Curriculum

Crime and the legal system are broad fields as is business. Any degree program that combines the study of these content areas will consist of a great number of course and classes. If you decide to purse an MBA in this field, you will most likely study courses in professional development, organizational behavior, human resource management and managerial economics.

Additionally, be prepared to learn and take courses in financial and managerial accounting, marketing, corporate finance, intervention procedures, social change, public policy, research methods, cultural awareness, juvenile justice, juvenile offenders, probation, parole, corrections practices, forensic science, organized crime, current issues in law enforcement, violence and society, while collar crime, criminal evidence, survey of forensic science, and criminal administration research.

Applying to these types of Degree Programs

An undergraduate degree in the area of business or criminal justice prepares you the best for admission to these types of programs. However, different schools have different requirements. When requesting information from your schools of choice, make sure to inquire regarding admission requirements. Most programs will require that you submit your official transcripts, complete their specific application and provide GRE scores. Recommendation letters as well as essays are required by most schools. Make sure to read admission requirements carefully in order to make sure you are eligible for the degree program.

What can I do with this type of Degree?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, salaries for administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers’ range between $60,000 and $70,000 a year, but this can be higher depending on experience, expertise, position and location.

With this degree, you will be able to move into management positions within the law enforcement and legal agencies. These types of degree programs prepare you for management, administration and leadership roles.

You can expect to find managerial positions in correctional facilities, juvenile detention centers, courthouses, law enforcement agencies, law offices, and other state, federal and private agencies dedicated to law and crime prevention and control. This degree is a huge asset for those professionals in the legal or law enforcement field who want higher earnings, better developed management skills and more leadership opportunities.

Criminal Justice Undergraduate Degree Programs

Have you ever seen the detective shows on television that deal with crime scene investigations and crime mysteries? Have you ever wanted to be one of the people who solves crimes like that? If you are interested in something like that, you want to look to get your criminal justice undergraduate degree. There are so many things you can do with this degree in the law enforcement and legal fields.

The best way to find a place to get your criminal justice bachelor’s degree is to do your research. The internet is a very useful place to learn a lot about a program or a university that you are interested in. You can find all kinds of reviews and also read up on a universities benefits and courses. Choosing the right university is really important because being in a place that you are comfortable and that is conducive to your learning environment is paramount.

Most universities have lots of degree options such as: criminology, criminal justice bachelor’s degree, criminal justice ba degree, criminal justice technology degree as well as forensic technology, law enforcement and legal. With so many options to choose from it is easy to find a job in this area. It is for that reason that more and more people are choosing this degree than ever before.

Money is tight these days, so investing in a career that will always be around is a very smart decision. Getting your criminal justice undergraduate degree or bachelor practically guarantees you a job after you are done with school.

If ever there was a time to get into law enforcement it is now. The amount of opportunities are many and it seems the applicants are never enough. If you are serious about making a difference in your community or in your country, getting your bachelor’s degree is the first step in an amazing career. There are always jobs available at the local level, but for the more ambitious people, there are also federal jobs available. The benefit of getting a federal job is the salary. The high salaries and excellent positions make the competition for these jobs very steep. You need to be on the right track and be mentally and physically prepared for jobs like these.

For more information on where you can get your criminal justice undergraduate degree, check the internet and ask people who are currently in the profession that you want to be in. It is a great way to get invaluable information about exactly what you want to do.

Stalking the Stalkers – The Balance Between Justice and Crime – A True Story Book Review

The celebrity stalkers out there are alive and well, but they are as dangerous as heck. How can you catch them before they do something really devious? Well, suggests the prosecutors, you turn the table on the stalkers, and switch roles, you stalk the stalkers. Very similar to the hunter become the hunted and the prey becoming the predator, or in the case of the US military, terrorizing the terrorists. See that point.

This is indeed such a fascinating subject and whereas, I have never been one to recommend a book on this topic of true crime detective work, or prosecutors stalking stalkers, I can see this interests you and thus, there is a book I recently read which sheds light on this topic, and boy will it make you think. The cases outlined in the book are all true. The name of this fantastic tome is:

“Whisper of Fear – The True Story of the Prosecutor Who Stalks the Stalkers by Rhonda B. Saunders and Stephen G. Michaud (both best selling NYT authors), Berkley Books, New York, NY, (2008), pp 338, ISBN: 978-0-425-22371-0.

The book goes through the true stories of stalkers of Hollywood Elite, including Madonna, Steven Spielberg, and Gwyneth Paltrow. There are also some chilling stories of spousal abuse and of former sexual partners who killed their victims and then buried them under their houses. Riveting at times, chilling, and it really makes you think about all the whackos in the world.

You will be introduced to the psychology of psychopath killers, stalkers, and the sexually deviant. Also of chronic criminals turned to stalkers, these are fans, and hate mongers of glamour and glitter, it’s an amazing book indeed. The clues are there, and it is incredible the great detective work and interesting how hard it is to catch these folks, especially pre-crime, as people have rights, privacy, and until they make a real move there is nothing you can do.

Getting inside their heads, thinking like a stalker appears to be the only way to win, and if the detective fails, lives are at stake and the outcomes are scary to even consider. Learn about the detective techniques, “legal weapons” and insight into how they stalk the criminal stalkers. Prosecuting the stalkers isn’t easy either, but Rhonda Saunders helped write many of the stalking laws, and she explains what it takes to actually catch them and make those arrests stick. You will love this true crime book.

Dubai’s Criminal Justice System

“It’s no different than we were in America a hundred years ago, right after or during the end of the Victorian era,” said Hamden. “Even though we are seeing globalization, in the city that has defined globalization; we are still seeing a value system that still looks like new Victorians” (qtd. in “They destroyed me”, 2008). Victorian era is the period from 1837 to 1901. This is how Dr. Raymond Hamden, a Lebanese-American psychiatrist who works in the Dubai courts describes Dubai’s criminal justice system. He further said that although it has embraced modernization with high rise buildings and very rich economy, its criminal justice system is still an evolving one.

In criminal court, the equal protection before the law does not usually extend to foreigners. The amazing economic growth of Dubai is wholly dependent on millions of expatriates engaging actively from corporate financial executives down to construction and domestic jobs. Emiratis, representing only 10% of the total residents are not enough to meet the demands of a “double-digit economic growth” goaded by foreign investments, so even the court personnel and lawyers are foreigners.

Dubai boasts of its corporate legal system as fair and protective of foreign investors. Lawyers, however deny this fact. In Dubai, the crime of rape is termed “forced homosexuality” as UAE law does not acknowledge assault and rape of males. HIV and homosexuality are taboos and held in secret in this bustling financial center. These, result in rampant harassment of gays and foreigners. Those found to be homosexuals and infected with HIV are denied health care benefits, quarantined and subjected to deportation proceedings.

According to a Western Diplomat who is familiar with the judicial system, equality exists only in theory, not in practice. It may have strived very hard to earn a good reputation in delivering fair and speedy dispositions of commercials claims, however, it is still struggling to balance a penal code deeply rooted in conventional Islamic and Arabic culture to the damage and prejudice of overwhelming foreign residents who are largely noncitizens.

In Dubai, flogging is not a practice. Generally the government observes the Constitutional prohibition on arbitrary arrest and detention. However, in sensitive criminal cases, incommunicado detention is allowed in order not to imperil the investigation. There were complaints from diplomatic missions that they were not notified when their citizens were arrested and detained.

Accused can be questioned for days or even weeks without the assistance of legal counsel because a defendant can only avail of the services of a lawyer after police investigation has been terminated. Acquittal is based on “without the slightest doubt of guilt” In other jurisdiction, conviction is based on “guilt beyond reasonable doubt.”

In cases involving killings, bails are allowed after payment of compensation called “blood money” to the family of the victim. There is no formal system of bail. Temporary release of detainees are made only upon deposit of money or passport or through personal guarantee of a person signed in a statement.

It cannot be denied that the Criminal Justice System in Dubai and other United Arab Emirates cannot or may not cope up with the changing times. Dubai’s legal system remains a precarious challenged when it comes to homosexuality and legal protection of foreigners despite its status as the Arab world’s perfection of modernism and riches.

Family Lawyers and Legal Assistants As Front Line Crisis Responders Need Crisis Intervention Skills

Steven Keeva reminds us in Transforming Practices: Finding Joy and Satisfaction in the Legal Life that “[t]o the extent that you enter it as a calling, the practice of law is about hunger – the hunger for resolution; for healing the lives of individuals,… and communities; for enabling society to function harmoniously and productively; and ultimately, for justice.”

Family law attorneys are litigators within an often radically adversarial setting. Clients who seek us out find themselves deeply within the throes of wrenching emotional disequilibrium. Our training has conditioned us largely to believe that achieving the relative justice that client reactivity demands is our calling. The fact that we are able to command outrageous sums to assist our clients subtly reinforces a blindness to the more positive opportunities that our roles position us for. We may confuse a transcendent “hunger for resolution” with actualizing or even capitalizing upon our client’s stated aims for outcomes that are not at all transcendent for them.

Remembering that clients are uniformly in crisis – to such an extent that they will deposit with us large retainers borrowed on credit cards or from family members in amounts that parties not in divorce might never otherwise consider spending – is more a reflection of the participant’s distress than the fact of how “good’ a lawyer we are. This can seduce us into valuing ourselves more in terms of the fees we can demand and receive then those we earn or forego, or in admitting our obligation to guide clients responsibly, and in so doing “enabling society to function harmoniously and productively.” Each of us must decide for ourselves whether to pander to client reactivity. Like most symbiotic relationships, ironically, our fate as human beings who happen to be lawyers is dependent upon the experience of those we would serve. Understanding the effects of crisis, and the consequences of failing to address crisis constructively, offers one path to redemption for lawyers and clients. It offers a way out of the burn out that the crisis of dealing with people in crisis may cause.

For many people the experience of divorce is one of the most difficult and traumatic crises that they will ever encounter. With 50% of first marriages and 65% of second marriages in this country ending in divorce, it is also one of the most common. Feelings of fear, helplessness, confusion, inadequacy, anxiety, hurt, and exhaustion are normal. The failure to skillfully manage these feelings and to apply a solutions focused approach to resolving legal disputes can seriously impede a person’s wellbeing and present and future functioning within their families, at work, and in social relationships. The stress of relationship break up can destroy one’s health and make one feel almost insane at times.âEUR¨âEUR¨

Emotional difficulties emerge around all kinds of legal issues involving relationship and family break up. Mental Health Professionals have long observed that the crisis experience of people in divorce ranks at the top of the subjective Social Readjustment Rating Scales, second only to death of a spouse; indeed, the consequences of divorce may be more debilitating than the threat of a jail term or the death of a close family member. The experience of clients has profound implications not just for effective lawyering, but to the larger contributions lawyers may offer to people and society in general. Those contributions are what Keeva speaks to, and why most of us decided to become attorneys once upon a time, in a land that seems far, far away.

Lawyers are front line responders to crisis, but we don’t understand this role because nobody taught this to is – at best, we bump into this reality intuitively but then are at some loss to know what to do with it. Many attorneys claim they have no interest in dealing with their client’s emotions. Former Chief Justice Warren Burger famously criticized lawyer’s lack of technical experience with crisis, which has to some small extent changed law school training formats so that some schools teach therapeutic skills as well as legal skills. Yet, lawyers remain widely ignorant and disinterested in holistic interventions to help their clients. And, is this belief true? If we don’t want to deal with client emotions, family lawyers would be more productive forming corporations or defending insurance companies.

Attorneys and staff have frequent contact with individuals in crisis in family law settings. By recognizing and defusing intense feelings, points of view, and situations, they can help clients clarify priorities, link to other helping resources, and both lawyers and clients can become more efficient and goal oriented. âEUR¨âEUR¨In considering the role of attorneys, scholars and counselors have suggested that it properly includes empathy and guidance, resembling what crisis workers call “psychological first aid.” A three-step process has been designed to help attorneys facilitate disclosure of relevant information in order to formulate a strategy for providing help.

* Encouraging the client to express concerns and emotional reactions (this assists the client in describing the situation).
* Thorough empathetic listening enables attorneys to help clients acknowledge emotions
* After this, the attorney may begin to develop and verify problem-solving theories based upon what has been learned.

It is essential that attorneys help evaluate alternatives in dealing with the problem, and in order to accomplish this, attorneys need to actively listen and respond to these feelings rather than focusing merely upon the facts. The attorney’s role is to establish rapport (support must be developed and feelings explored before any real progress can be made). In order to handle cases efficiently, attorneys need to understand the motives, personality structure, and unconscious thoughts in order to ‘expose’ the unconscious material from what appears to be a confused client.âEUR¨âEUR¨

From a lawyer’s point of view, it is both practical and efficient in the long run to deal directly with the emotions which a client brings. The time saved sticking to the legal objective and objective legal facts is likely to be lost if the client confuses facts with feelings.

Counseling approaches that can be utilized by lawyers in helping clients in crisis situations include:

* Communicating effective concern
* Allowing the client to express feelings
* Exploring the precipitating event (that brings the client to the lawyer)
* Examining past coping efforts to similar problems
* Focusing on the immediate problem
* Helping the client develop a cognitive understanding of the problem
* Seeking practical solutions
* Structuring a plan for action
* Making appropriate referrals to mental health providers and others

In order to make psychological contact with clients:

* Both facts and feelings need to be addressed
* If feelings are ignored, it is very likely that the client will present facts poorly
* Clients in distress convey what they feel in
* What they say
* How they act
* What they do
* Attorneys should recognize the feelings verbally and then give the client the opportunity to respond

Lawyers function best at this stage. While listening we should consider how the event might have disrupted our client’s life and goals. We should listen to what the event (i.e., divorce, custody, move-away) means to the client. We should consider destructive propensities on the part of the client in response to the crisis.

Examining Possible Solutions

The simple fact is that a client who seeks out an attorney is attempting to cope with the crisis, a powerful first step. Lawyers need to know about available community resources (clergy, shelters, self-help groups, therapists). Because any given solution can seem to make sense at one moment or another, the lawyer should evaluate with the client different possible solutions.

It is imperative that over-eager lawyers not act too quickly. We as lawyers need to question our motives. We should encourage clients to do as much for themselves as they can. We should question the truth of the thought that our job ends with helping the client realize whatever goal they think will dispel the crisis, or that is it unseemly or unethical for us to act as examples and guides. Exactly the opposite is true.

Legal solutions are likely to have their intended effect only if the client’s needs are clearly understood and the client is motivated to cooperate with the attorney. This is impossible if we lack the interest in taking responsibility for who we have become and our place within the interlocking web of community.

TW Arnold: http://www.ThurmanArnold.com/